The Himalayan range runs for 2400 km from Arunachal Pradesh, India in the east to Pakistan in the west. Formed from the collision of the Indian tectonic plate with the Eurasian plate, it is one of the youngest mountain ranges on Earth. Here are some amazing facts about the Himalayas.
9 of 10 highest peaks in the world are in the Himalayas
Many of the highest peaks in the world are in the Himalayas including the highest, the Mount Everest which has an elevation of 8,848 metres above sea level. Other high peaks include the Kanchenjunga (8586 metres), Lhotse (8516 metres), etc. These high peaks make the Himalayas a preferred location for mountaineering.
The climate of the Indian subcontinent is shaped by the Himalayas
Himalayas protect the Indian subcontinent from the cold central Asian winds. If there would have been no Himalayan range, the northern plains of India would have been barren, cold having a very low temperature for a major part of the year. Moreover it is because of the Himalayas that the monsoon rains are concentrated to the northern plains and foothills making the area suitable for agriculture.
Himalayas are the source of three very important rivers of the Indian subcontinent
The Ganga, the Indus and the Brahmaputra all have their sources in the Himalayas. These rivers along with their tributaries and distributaries are a lifeline to millions of people of the subcontinent.
Himalayan range is still growing
The Indian tectonic plate is still moving which makes the Himalayas rise by 5 mm each year.
Himalayas are the centre of spirituality in Hinduism and Buddhism
There are plenty of spiritual sites in the Himalayas e.g. Badrinath, Mount Kailash,etc,. It is the spiritual energy added to the beauty of the Himalayas which make the Himalayas extra special.
Himalayas are home to many unique species of flora and fauna
There are numerous species of flora and fauna found across the Himalayas. Some of them are unique to the Himalayan region e.g., Deodar cedar, Himalayan tahr, etc.
- Himalayan range supports more than 50 million human population.
- Himalayan range has the largest ice deposition after the poles.
- There are 3 divisions of the Himalayan range-the Sivalik Hills, the Lower Himalayan Range, the Greater Himalayas.