India is in a developing phase and has already created multiple modern engineering marvels. The most famous among them are the bridges. A bridge is a structure built over obstacles. It usually connects two banks of a river or is built over a valley or a gorge. The following are some of the most famous bridges in India. Let’s read.
Top 10 famous bridges in India
Howrah bridge is a 705 meters long balanced cantilever bridge over the Hooghly river. The bridge connects Howrah and Kolkata, the two largest cities in the West Bengal state. Howrah bridge was opened to traffic in 1943 and was renamed Rabindra Setu in 1965.
Howrah bridge is one of the four major bridges that connect Howrah and Kolkata, the other three are Vidyasagar Setu, Vivekananda Setu, and Nivedita Setu.
|Howrah bridge||West Bengal||1943|
Bandra-Worli Sea link
The Bandra-Worli sea link in Mumbai is the fourth-longest bridge in India with a length of 5.6 kilometers. As the name suggests the bridge links the Bandra and Worli suburbs of Mumbai. Officially known as the Rajiv Gandhi Sea Link, the bridge was opened to traffic in March 2010.
|Bandra-Worli Sea Link||Maharashtra||2010|
Opened in 1914, the Pamban bridge is a railway bridge that connects Mandapam town to the Pamban island in Tamil Nadu state. The bridge is over 2 kilometers long and carries the broad gauge railway line. Pamban bridge has faced many dangerous storms and consequently undergone multiple repair works.
|Pamban bridge||Tamil Nadu||1914|
Ram Jhula and Laxman Jhula
Ram Jhula and Laxman Jhula are two different suspension bridges over the Ganga river in Rishikesh. Laxman Jhula is located about 1.8 kilometers upstream from the Ram Jhula. Laxman Jhula is 450 ft long while the Ram Jhula has a length of 750 ft.
|Ram Jhula and Laxmna Jhula||Uttarakhand||Ram Jhula (1986), Laxman Jhula (1939)|
Bogibeel bridge is the longest multipurpose rail plus road bridge in India. The bridge is 4.94 kilometers long and is built over the Brahmaputra river in Assam. Opened to traffic in December 2018, the bridge connects Dibrugarh and Dhemaji districts.
Bhupen Hazarika Setu
The Bhupen Hazarika Setu also known as Dhola–Sadiya Bridge is the longest bridge in India. Built over the Lohit river in Assam, the bridge is 9.15 kilometers long. The bridge construction was completed recently in 2017. The Bhupen Hazarika Setu ensures 24*7 connectivity between upper Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
|Bhupen Hazarika Setu||Assam||2017|
Another historic bridge on the list, the Coronation bridge was opened in 1941. The bridge is on the National Highway 17 and connects Darjeeling and Kalimpong districts. Built on the Teesta river, the Coronation bridge is one of the oldest still working bridges in India.
|Coronation bridge||West Bengal||1941|
Vidyasagar Setu is an 823 meters long bridge over the Hooghly river. Just like the Howrah bridge Vidyasagar Setu also connects Howrah and Kolkata. Vidyasagar Setu is also known as the Second Hooghly Bridge. The bridge was opened in 1992.
|Vidyasagar Setu||West Bengal||1992|
New Yamuna Bridge
The New Yamuna Bridge/Hanging bridge in Prayagraj is a cable-stayed bridge over the Yamuna river. The bridge is 1.5 kilometers long. The construction of the bridge was completed in 2004.
|New Yamuna bridge||Uttar Pradesh||2004|
3rd Narmada bridge
The 3rd Narmada bridge or the New Narmada bridge is a 1.34 kilometers long bridge over the Narmada river in Bharuch, Gujarat. It is one of the longest extradosed bridges in India. The bridge construction was completed in a record time of just 30 months.
|3rd Narmada bridge/New Narmada bridge||Gujarat||2017|
Other famous bridges in India
Mahatma Gandhi Setu
The Mahatma Gandhi Setu is the third-longest bridge in India with a length of 5.75 kilometers. Built over the Ganga river in Bihar, the bridge connects the Patna district with the Vaishali district. The bridge was opened to traffic in 1982.
Godavari arch bridge
Godavari arch bridge is a 2.75 kilometers long bridge over the Godavari river in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh. It is a railway bridge opened in March 1997.
Vembanad Rail Bridge
Vembanad Rail Bridge is a 4.62 kilometers long bridge over the Vembanad lake in Kerala. Opened in 2011, the bridge is the second-longest bridge in India that carries the broad gauge railways.