19 interesting facts about Canada

Canada is a country in North America. A large country with a low population density, Canada is basically just nature with a few large human settlements. Here are 19 interesting facts about Canada. Let’s read.

Interesting facts about Canada


Canadian Flag

Canada is the second-largest country in the world by area. It has an approximate area of 10 million square kilometers. The population of Canada is around 40 million (2023) which is similar to the population of the Tokyo Metropolitan area.

Population density in Canada is very low

Population control

Canada is the eighth least densely populated country in the world. It has a population density of just 4 people per square kilometer of land. The majority population of Canada lives near the US border or the southeastern coast. The colder Northern regions have little to no population.

Capital of Canada

Ottawa city

Ottawa is the capital of Canada. The city has a population of just over a million (2021). Located along the banks of the Ottawa river, Ottawa city is the fourth largest city in Canada.

Largest city in Canada

Toronto city

Toronto is the largest city in Canada. Toronto has a population of around 2.8 million. A multicultural city, Toronto is Canada’s largest economic hub and is often known as Canada’s financial capital.

Large islands of Canada

Large islands of Canada

3 among the top 10 largest islands in the world are in Canada.

  • Baffin Island (the fifth largest island in the world)
  • Victoria Island (the eighth largest island in the world)
  • Ellesmere Island (the tenth largest island in the world)

Sports in Canada

Canada’s official national sports are Lacrosse and Ice hockey. Basketball, football, and baseball are among the other popular sports in Canada.

Canada has the world’s longest coastline

The Canadian coastline is the world’s longest coastline. It has an approximate length of 243,000 kilometers

Lakes in Canada

Moraine Lake, Alberta

Canada has the highest number of lakes in the world. Some of the largest lakes in Canada are-

  • Lake Superior: 82,100 square kilometers
  • Lake Huron: 59,600 square kilometers
  • Great Bear Lake: 31,328 square kilometers

There are 550 lakes in Canada larger than 100 square kilometers.

Provinces and Territories of Canada

Provinces and territories of Canada

There are 10 provinces and 3 territories in Canada-

Provinces of Canada

  • Ontario
  • Quebec
  • Nova Scotia
  • New Brunswick
  • Manitoba
  • British Columbia
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Saskatchewan
  • Alberta
  • Newfoundland and Labrador

Territories of Canada

  • Yukon
  • Nunavut
  • Northwest Territories


As most of Canada is above 50 degrees North latitude, it is predominantly a cold country. The winters in most parts of Canada are very cold while the summers are short and cool.


  • Warmest month – July (high average – 77°F, low average – 63°F)
  • Coldest month – January (high average – 30°F. low average – 18°F)


  • Warmest month – July (high average – 79°F, low average – 60°F)
  • Coldest month – January (high average – 23°F, low average – 7°F)

The Canada-US border

The Canada-US terrestrial border is the longest terrestrial border in the world. The border has a length of 8,891 km (5,525 miles).

Forest cover in Canada

Canada has over 3.6 million square kilometers of forest. About 9 percent of the total forest area in the world is in Canada.

National animal of Canada

There are two national animals of Canada – the Beaver and the Canadian Horse.


Canada has an adult literacy rate of 99 percent. The adult literacy rate is the percentage of the population 15 or above who can both read and write and understand short simple statements in everyday life.

Languages in Canada

There are 2 official languages in Canada- English and French. English is the most dominant language in Canada being the mother tongue of 56% of Canadians. Mandarin, Cantonese, and Punjabi are the other major languages in Canada.

Oil reserves in Canada

Canada has the third-largest proven oil reserves in the world after Venezuela and Saudi Arabia.

The highest peak in Canada

Mount Logan is the highest mountain peak in Canada. It has an elevation of 5,959 meters. Part of the Saint Elias Mountains in Yukon Territory, Mount Logan is the second-highest peak in North America only after Denali.

Immigration in Canada

Canada has one of the highest immigration rates as well as an immigration population in the world. There are approximately 8 million immigrants living in Canada.

A Safe Country

Canada is considered by many major magazines a very safe country to live in. Canada is also among the top happiest countries in the world.

Some basic facts about Canada

Largest cityToronto
AreaAbout 10 million square kilometers
Populationaround 40 million (2023)
Area rank2
CurrencyCanadian dollar
ContinentNorth America
Official languagesEnglish and French

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