England and Scotland – country comparison | area, geography, etc

The United Kingdom comprises England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The following is a comparison between England and Scotland. Let’s read.

England and Scotland – country comparison

Which country is larger in area, England or Scotland?

England is more than 1.5 times the size of Scotland.

  • Area of England – around 130,280 square kilometers
  • Area of Scotland – around 77,910 square kilometers

Which country is more populous, England or Scotland?

England is among the most populated European countries. The population of Scotland is on the lower side. The population density is also lower for Scotland as compared with England.

  • Population of England – over 56 million (2022)
  • Population of Scotland – about 5.5 million (2022)

Capital city

  • England – London
  • Scotland – Edinburgh

Largest city

  • England – London
  • Scotland – Glasgow

Fun fact: London is one of the largest cities in the world. It is the third largest city in Europe after Istanbul and Moscow.

Top 3 largest cities by population


  1. London
  2. Birmingham
  3. Manchester


  1. Glasgow
  2. Edinburgh
  3. Aberdeen

Highest mountain peak

  • England – Scafell Pike (978 m/3,209 ft)
  • Scotland – Ben Nevis (1,345 m/4,413 ft)

Fun fact: Ben Nevis is the highest mountain peak in the entire United Kingdom.

(Also read: Learn the difference – Great Britain vs UK vs Britain vs England)

Major Rivers

  • England – River Thames, River Trent, River Great Ouse, River Nene, River Wye, etc
  • Scotland – River Tay, River Clyde, River Spey, River Tweed, etc
River Thames

Population density

  • England – over 430 people per square kilometer (very high)
  • Scotland – around 70 people per square kilometer (on the lower side)


England’s GDP is much higher than Scotland’s GDP. This is not a surprise as England is a larger country with many economic zones.

Popular sports

  • Football, Rugby, Cricket, Tennis, and hockey are the most popular sports in England.
  • Football, Rugby, golf, and Tennis are the most popular sports in Scotland.

Most spoken language

  • England – English
  • Scotland – English

Largest natural lake

  • England – Windermere lake
  • Scotland – Loch Lomond

National Parks

  • There are 10 National Parks in England. The largest one is the Lake District National Park.
  • Scotland has 2 National Parks, Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park and Cairngorms National Park.

Border length

The England-Scotland border also known as the Anglo-Scottish border is 96 miles (154 km) long.


England and Scotland map

England and Scotland in the UK

England and Scotland comparison table

Areaaround 130,280 square kilometersaround 77,910 square kilometers
Populationover 56 million (2022)about 5.5 million (2022)
National AnimalBarbary LionUnicorn
National TreeThe English OakScots Pine
National FlowerRoseThistle
Most popular sportFootballFootball
Most spoken languageEnglishEnglish
Capital cityLondonEdinburgh
Largest cityLondonGlasgow

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