India and USA – country comparison | India vs USA

India and the United States of America are two large countries both in terms of area and population. The following is a comparison between these two countries. Let’s read.

India and USA – country comparison

Which country is larger in area, India or USA?

The United States of America is the third largest country in terms of area. India is smaller than the United States. It is the seventh-largest country.

  • Area of India – around 3.3 million square kilometers
  • Area of USA – around 9.8 million square kilometers


Which country has a larger population, India or USA?

India’s population is more than four times the population of the USA.

  • Population of India – close to 1.41 billion (2022)
  • Population of USA – over 333 million (2022)

Highest mountain peak

  • India – read here
  • USA – Denali (Mount McKinley) (20,310 ft/6,190 meters)
Kanchenjunga peak (8,586 meters) in Sikkim, India


The USA is the country with the highest GDP in the world. India is quickly growing as an economic power and is set to enter the top 3 list of countries with the highest GDP in a few years.

Capital city

  • India – New Delhi
  • USA – Washington, D.C.

Largest city

  • India – Mumbai
  • USA – New York City

Population density

  • India – 420-430 people per square kilometer (2022) (very high)
  • USA – 33-35 people per square kilometer (2022) (low)

Popular sports

  • India – Cricket, badminton, hockey, football, and kabaddi are the most popular sports in India.
  • USA – American football, baseball, and basketball


Major languages

  • India – Hindi, English, Telugu, Bengali, Tamil, etc
  • USA – English and Spanish


Flag of India
Flag of the United States

Major international airports


  • Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai
  • Chennai International Airport, Chennai
  • Kempegowda International Airport, Bangalore
  • Cochin International Airport, Kochi


  • Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport
  • Dallas Fort Worth International Airport
  • Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles
  • Chicago O’Hare International Airport, Chicago
  • Denver International Airport

Major ports


  • Kolkata port
  • Visakhapatnam Port
  • Cochin Port
  • Mundra Port
  • Mumbai port


  • Port of Los Angeles
  • Port of Long Beach
  • Port of New Jersey and New York

International land borders

  • India – read here
  • USA – USA-Mexico land border, USA-Canada land border

Largest natural lake by area

  • India – Vembanad Lake
  • USA – Lake Superior (shared with Canada), Lake Michigan (entirely within the United States)

Largest island

  • India – North Andaman (1,408 square kilometers)
  • USA – Hawaii island (10,430 sq km)

In which country the life expectancy is higher, India or USA?

The life expectancy at birth in the USA (77.2) is higher than the life expectancy in India (67.2).

Major mountain ranges

  • India – Himalayas, Western Ghats, Satpura range, Eastern Ghats, Purvanchal Range, Aravalli Range, etc
  • USA – Rocky Mountains, Sierra Nevada, Appalachian Mountains, Alaska Range, Cascade Range, etc

Major Rivers

  • India – Ganga (Ganges), Yamuna, Teesta, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Kaveri, Indus, etc
  • USA – Mississippi River, Missouri River, Rio Grande, Colorado River, Ohio River, etc

States and provinces

  • India currently has 28 states and 8 Union territories.
  • The US has 50 states and a federal district Washington, D.C.

India and USA comparison table

Areaaround 3.3 million square kilometersaround 9.8 million square kilometers
Populationclose to 1.41 billion (2022)over 333 million (2022)
CurrencyIndian RupeeUnited States Dollar
Capital cityNew DelhiWashington, D.C.
Largest cityMumbaiNew York City
Most popular sportCricketAmerican football
Most spoken languageHindiEnglish
National Animal TigerAmerican bison (national mammal)
National birdIndian peafowlBald Eagle
National treeIndian banyan treeThe Oak
Largest islandNorth AndamanHawaii Island
Largest stateRajasthanAlaska
Most populous stateUttar PradeshCalifornia
Busiest AirportIndira Gandhi International Airport, New DelhiHartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport
Type of governmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republicFederal presidential constitutional republic

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