India and USA – country comparison | India vs USA

India and the United States of America are two large countries both in terms of area and population. The following is a comparison between these two countries. Let’s read.

India and USA – country comparison

Which country is larger in area, India or USA?

The United States of America is the third largest country in terms of area. India is smaller than the United States. It is the seventh-largest country.

  • Area of India – around 3.3 million square kilometers
  • Area of USA – around 9.8 million square kilometers


Which country has a larger population, India or USA?

India’s population is more than four times the population of the USA.

  • Population of India – around 1.43 billion (2023 estimate)
  • Population of USA – over 333 million (2022)

India vs USA – GDP comparison

The United States is the country with the highest GDP in the world. India is quickly growing as an economic power and is set to enter the top 3 on the list of countries with the highest GDP in a few years. 

2023 (IMF)IndiaUSA
GDP (nominal)$3.57 trillion$27.36 trillion
GDP rank (nominal)5th1st
GDP (PPP)$13.34 trillion$27.36 trillion

Highest mountain peak

  • India – K2 (8,611 m/28,251 ft) (claimed), Kanchenjunga (8,586 m/28,169 ft) (otherwise)
  • USA – Denali (Mount McKinley) (6,190 m/20,310 ft)
Kanchenjunga peak (8,586 meters) in Sikkim, India

Capital city

  • India – New Delhi
  • USA – Washington, D.C.

Largest city

  • India – Mumbai
  • USA – New York City

States and provinces

  • India currently has 28 states and 8 Union territories.
  • The US has 50 states and a federal district Washington, D.C.

Population density

  • India – 430-440 people per square kilometer (2023) (very high)
  • USA – 33-35 people per square kilometer (2022) (low)

Popular sports

  • India – Cricket, badminton, hockey, football, and kabaddi are the most popular sports in India.
  • USA – American football, baseball, and basketball


Major languages

  • India – Hindi, English, Telugu, Bengali, Tamil, Gujarati, Punjabi, etc
  • USA – English and Spanish

Largest natural lake by area

  • India – Vembanad Lake
  • USA – Lake Superior (shared with Canada), Lake Michigan (entirely within the United States)

Largest island

  • India – North Andaman (1,408 square kilometers)
  • USA – Hawaii island (10,430 sq km)

In which country the life expectancy is higher, India or USA?

The life expectancy at birth in the USA (78.2) is higher than the life expectancy in India (67.7).

~ (2022/UN)

Major mountain ranges

  • India – Himalayas, Western Ghats, Satpura range, Eastern Ghats, Purvanchal Range, Aravalli Range, etc
  • USA – Rocky Mountains, Sierra Nevada, Appalachian Mountains, Alaska Range, Cascade Range, etc


Major Rivers

  • India – Ganga (Ganges), Yamuna, Teesta, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Kaveri, Indus, etc
  • USA – Mississippi River, Missouri River, Rio Grande, Colorado River, Ohio River, etc

(Also read: India and Russia – country comparison | India vs Russia)

International land borders

  • India – read here
  • USA – USA-Mexico land border, USA-Canada land border

Major international airports


  • Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai
  • Chennai International Airport, Chennai
  • Kempegowda International Airport, Bangalore
  • Cochin International Airport, Kochi


  • Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport
  • Dallas Fort Worth International Airport
  • Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles
  • Chicago O’Hare International Airport, Chicago
  • Denver International Airport

Major ports


  • Kolkata port
  • Visakhapatnam Port
  • Cochin Port
  • Mundra Port
  • Mumbai port


  • Port of Los Angeles
  • Port of Long Beach
  • Port of New Jersey and New York
  • Port of Houston

India and USA comparison table

Areaaround 3.3 million square kilometersaround 9.8 million square kilometers
Populationaround 1.43 billion (2023 estimate)over 333 million (2022)
CurrencyIndian RupeeUnited States Dollar
Capital cityNew DelhiWashington, D.C.
Largest cityMumbaiNew York City
Most popular sportCricketAmerican football
Most spoken languageHindiEnglish
National Animal TigerAmerican bison (national mammal)
National birdIndian peafowlBald Eagle
National treeIndian banyan treeThe Oak
Largest islandNorth AndamanHawaii Island
Largest stateRajasthanAlaska
Most populous stateUttar PradeshCalifornia
Busiest AirportIndira Gandhi International Airport, New DelhiHartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport
Type of governmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republicFederal presidential constitutional republic


Flag of India
Flag of the United States

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