India and Russia – country comparison | India vs Russia

Russia is a transcontinental country in Asia and eastern Europe. India is a densely populated country in Southern Asia. The following is a comparison between India and Russia. Let’s read.

India vs Russia – country comparison

Flags of India and Russia
Flags of India and Russia

Which country is larger in area, India or Russia?

Russia is the largest country in the world by area. It has an area of around 17.1 million square kilometers. India is the seventh largest country with an area of around 3.3 million square kilometers. Russia is more than five times the size of India.

  • Area of India – around 3.3 million square kilometers
  • Area of Russia – around 17.1 million square kilometers

Which country has a larger population, India or Russia?

The population of India is multiple times the population of Russia.

  • Population of India – 1.43 billion (2023) (estimated)
  • Population of Russia – around 147 million (2021)

India vs Russia GDP comparison

2023 IMFIndiaRussia
GDP (nominal)$3.73 trillion$1.86 trillion
GDP rank (nominal)5th11th
GDP (PPP)$13.12 trillion$5.06 trillion

In which country the population density is higher, India or Russia?

  • Population density of India – 430-440 people per sq km (very high)
  • Population density of Russia – 9 people per sq km (very low)

In which country the life expectancy is higher, India or Russia?

The life expectancy at birth in Russia (69.4) is higher as compared with India (67.2).

~(2021/UN data)

Capital city

  • India – New Delhi
  • Russia – Moscow

Largest city

  • India – Mumbai
  • Russia – Moscow
Buildings in Moscow, Russia

Most spoken language

Hindi is the most spoken language in India. Other major languages in India are Bengali, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Gujarati, etc. Russian is the official and the most spoken language in Russia.

(Also read: India and USA – country comparison | India vs USA)

Popular sports

Cricket is by far the most popular sport in India. Other popular sports in India include Badminton, Hockey, kabaddi, football, etc. Football, Bandy, Ice hockey, Tennis, and basketball are the most popular sports in Russia.

Dharamshala Cricket Stadium in India

Largest lake

  • India – Vembanad Lake
  • Russia – Caspian Sea (shared with multiple countries), Lake Baikal (entirely within Russia)

Largest Island

  • India – North Andaman Island (1,408 sq km)
  • Russia – Sakhalin (72,492 sq km)

Highest mountain peak

  • India – read here
  • Russia – Mount Elbrus (5,642 meters/18,510 ft)

Major international airports


  • Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi (busiest)
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai
  • Chennai International Airport, Chennai
  • Kempegowda International Airport, Bangalore
  • Cochin International Airport, Kochi


  • Sheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow (busiest)
  • Domodedovo International Airport, Moscow
  • Pulkovo Airport, St. Petersburg
  • Koltsovo Airport, Yekaterinburg
  • Tolmachevo Airport, Novosibirsk
Areaaround 3.3 million square kilometersaround 17.1 million square kilometers
Area rank7th1st
Population1.43 billion (2023) (estimated)around 147 million (2021)
CapitalNew DelhiMoscow
Largest cityMumbaiMoscow
Most spoken languageHindiRussian
National AnimalTigerEurasian brown bear
ContinentTranscontinental (Asia and eastern Europe)Southern Asia
CurrencyIndian RupeeRussian Ruble
Busiest AirportIndira Gandhi International Airport, New DelhiSheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow
Most popular sportCricketFootball


Flag of India
Flag of Russia

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