India and Russia – country comparison | India vs Russia

Russia is a transcontinental country in Asia and eastern Europe. India is a densely populated country in Southern Asia. The following is a comparison between India and Russia. Let’s read.

India and Russia – country comparison | India vs Russia

Areaaround 3.3 million square kilometersaround 17.1 million square kilometers
Area rank71
Populationclose to 1.41 billion (2022) (estimated)around 147 million (2021)
CapitalNew DelhiMoscow
Largest cityMumbaiMoscow
Most spoken languageHindiRussian
National AnimalTigerEurasian brown bear
ContinentTranscontinental (Asia and eastern Europe)Southern Asia
CurrencyIndian RupeeRussian Ruble
Busiest AirportIndira Gandhi International Airport, New DelhiSheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow
Most popular sportCricketFootball

-Keep reading below

Which country is larger in area, India or Russia?

Russia is the largest country in the world by area. India is the seventh largest country. Russia is more than five times the size of India.

  • Area of India – around 3.3 million square kilometers
  • Area of Russia – around 17.1 million square kilometers

Which country has a larger population, India or Russia?

The population of India is multiple times the population of Russia.

  • Population of India – close to 1.41 billion (2022) (estimated)
  • Population of Russia – around 147 million (2021)

In which country the population density is higher, India or Russia?

  • Population density of India – 420-430 people per sq km (very high)
  • Population density of Russia – 9 people per sq km (very low)

In which country the life expectancy is higher, India or Russia?

The life expectancy in Russia is higher as per the data of most organizations (like World Bank, WHO, UN, etc).

Capital city

  • India – New Delhi
  • Russia – Moscow

Largest city

  • India – Mumbai
  • Russia – Moscow


India’s GDP (nominal) is higher than Russia’s GDP as of 2023.

Major international airports


  • Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai
  • Chennai International Airport, Chennai
  • Kempegowda International Airport, Bangalore
  • Cochin International Airport, Kochi


  • Sheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow
  • Domodedovo International Airport, Moscow
  • Pulkovo Airport, St. Petersburg
  • Koltsovo Airport, Yekaterinburg
  • Tolmachevo Airport, Novosibirsk


Flag of India
Flag of Russia

Most spoken language

Hindi is the most spoken language in India. Other major languages in India are Bengali, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Gujarati, etc. Russian is the official and the most spoken language in Russia.

Popular sports

Cricket is by far the most popular sport in India. Other popular sports in India include Badminton, Hockey, kabaddi, football, etc. Football, Bandy, Ice hockey, Tennis, and basketball are the most popular sports in Russia.

Dharamshala Cricket Stadium in India

Largest lake

  • India – Vembanad Lake
  • Russia – Caspian Sea (shared with multiple countries), Lake Baikal (entirely within Russia)

Largest Island

  • India – Middle Andaman Island
  • Russia – Sakhalin

Highest mountain peak

  • India – read here
  • Russia – Mount Elbrus (5,642 meters/18,510 ft)

Read more

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