India’s borders | International borders in India

India has a total of 15,106.7 kilometers of international land border. Seven different countries share a land border with India. The longest international border in India is the India-Bangladesh border which has a total length of 4,096.7 kilometers. The international land borders in India and their respective lengths are as follows.

International land borders in India

Name of the borderLength of the land border (Km)
India-Bangladesh border4,096.7 km
India-China border3,488 km
India-Pakistan border3,323 km
India-Nepal border1,751 km
India-Myanmar border1,643 km
India-Bhutan border699 km
India-Afghanistan border106 km
International borders in India
International borders in India
Name of the borderBordering state/UT
India-Bangladesh borderWest Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya
India-China borderArunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh
India-Pakistan borderPunjab, Rajasthan, Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat
India-Nepal borderUttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim
India-Myanmar borderNagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh
India-Bhutan borderArunachal Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Sikkim
India-Afghanistan borderLadakh

The complexity of the India-Bangladesh border

From 1947 to 2015, India and Bangladesh (East Pakistan till 1971) had a very complex and confusing border. There were many enclaves and counter enclaves in both countries (of each other).

(Enclave of a country/state is that territory that is completely surrounded by another country/state.)

In 2015, the two countries finally reaches an agreement to simplify the border. More than 150 territories were swapped. The citizens living in these enclaves were given a choice to choose the country they want to live in.

Most of the India-Pakistan and India-Bangladesh border is based on the Radcliffe line (named after its architect Sir Cyril Radcliffe).

(Also read: Which is the highest mountain peak in India?)

Generally asked questions

Q1. Which country has the longest border with India?

Answer: Bangladesh

Q2. How many countries share a border with India?

Answer: Seven

Q3. What is the total international border length in India?

Answer: 15,106.7 kilometers

Q4. What is the total coastline length in India?

Answer: The total coastline length in India is 7,516.6 kilometers.

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