India’s borders | International borders in India

India has a total of 15,106.7 kilometers of international land border. Seven different countries share a border with India. The longest international border in India is the India-Bangladesh border which has a total length of 4,096.7 kilometers. The respective international border lengths are as follows.

International borders in India

Name of the borderLength of the border (Kilometers)
India-Bangladesh border4,096.7 km
India-China border3,488 km
India-Pakistan border3,323 km
India-Nepal border1,751 km
India-Myanmar border1,643 km
India-Bhutan border699 km
India-Afghanistan border106 km
International borders in India
Name of the borderBordering state/UT
India-Bangladesh borderWest Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya
India-China borderArunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh
India-Pakistan borderPunjab, Rajasthan, Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat
India-Nepal borderUttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim
India-Myanmar borderNagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh
India-Bhutan borderArunachal Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Sikkim
India-Afghanistan borderLadakh

The complexity of the India-Bangladesh border

From 1947 to 2015, India and Bangladesh (East Pakistan till 1971) had a very complex and confusing border. There were many enclaves and counter enclaves in both countries (of each other).

(Enclave of a country/state is that territory that is completely surrounded by another country/state.)

In 2015, the two countries finally reaches an agreement to simplify the border. More than 150 territories were swapped. The citizens living in these enclaves were given a choice to choose the country they want to live in.

Most of the India-Pakistan and India-Bangladesh border is based on the Radcliffe line (named after its architect Sir Cyril Radcliffe).

Generally asked questions

Q1. Which country has the longest border with India?
Answer: Bangladesh

Q2. How many countries share a border with India?
Answer: Seven

Q3. What is the total international border length in India?
Answer: 15,106.7 kilometers

Q4. What is the total coastline length in India?
Answer: The total coastline length in India is 7,516.6 kilometers.

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