15 least densely populated countries in the world

The population density of a country is the number of inhabited people per square kilometer area of the country. This article lists the 15 least densely populated countries in the world.

15 least densely populated countries in the world

CountryContinentPopulation density per square kilometer as of 2020 (approximation)
1MongoliaAsia2
2NamibiaAfrica3
3AustraliaAustralia3
4IcelandEurope3.5
5SurinameSouth America4
6LibyaAfrica4
7GuyanaSouth America4
8CanadaNorth America4
9Botswana Africa4
10Mauritania Africa5
11KazakhstanAsia7
12Central African RepublicAfrica8
13GabonAfrica9
14RussiaAsia and Europe9
15BoliviaSouth America11

Mongolia

Mongolia is the least densely populated country in the world. It has a population density of only 2 people per square kilometer. Interestingly, the most densely populated country Monaco has a population density about 9,500 times more than Mongolia.

Fun fact: The capital city of Ulaanbaatar is home to almost half of the total population of the country.

Namibia

Population density per square kilometer : 3

Fun fact: Namibia is one of the driest countries in the world. There are two infamous deserts in Namibia – Namib and Kalahari.

Australia

Population density per square kilometer : 3

Fun fact: Australia is the sixth-largest country in the world in terms of area.

Iceland

Population density per square kilometer: 3.5

Fun fact: Iceland is the least densely populated country in Europe.

Suriname

Population density per square kilometer: 4

Fun fact: More than one-fourth population of Suriname is of Indian ethnicity.

Guyana

Population density per square kilometer: 4

Fun fact: Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America.

Libya

Population density per square kilometer: 4

Fun fact: Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa.

Canada

Population density per square kilometer: 4

Fun fact: Canada is the second-largest country in the world in terms of area.

Botswana

Population density per square kilometer: 4

Fun fact: Approximately 70% of Botswana’s land area is within the Kalahari desert.

Mauritania

Population density per square kilometer: 5

Fun fact: Approximately 90% of Mauritian’s land area is within the Sahara desert.

Kazakhstan

Population density per square kilometer: 7

Fun fact: Kazakhstan is a transcontinental country.

Central African Republic

Population density per square kilometer: 8

Fun fact: The Central African Republic is famous for its forest elephant (African forest elephant).

Gabon

Population density per square kilometer: 9

Fun fact: The equator passes through Gabon.

Russia

Population density per square kilometer: 9

Fun fact: Russia is the largest country in the world in terms of area.

Bolivia

Population density per square kilometer: 11

Fun fact: Nevado Sajama is the highest peak in Bolivia. It has an elevation of 6,542 meters.


Most countries on this list have either harsh living conditions or are very large resulting in a lower human population density.

Australia
Uluru, Australia
Image by Walkerssk from Pixabay

Disclaimer: The stats may change with time.

The population density values are either from the latest census or are projections/estimates.


Reference: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.POP.DNST under CC BY 4.0


Also read: Top 10 most densely populated countries

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