Australia vs New Zealand | Australia and New Zealand – country comparison

Australia and New Zealand are two developed nations in Oceania region. This article compares these two nations. Let’s read.

Australia vs New Zealand – country comparison


Which country is larger, Australia or New Zealand?

Australia is one of the largest countries in the world. New Zealand is much smaller as compared with Australia.

  • Area of Australia – 7.7 million square kilometers
  • Area of New Zealand – 268,000 square kilometers

Which country is more populous, Australia or New Zealand?

The population of Australia is more than five times that of New Zealand’s population. Both countries have low population densities.

  • Population of Australia – approximately 25.5 million (2022)
  • Population of New Zealand – about 5 million (2022)

Highest natural point

  • Australia – Mount Kosciuszko (2,228 m) (mainland)
  • New Zealand – Mount Cook (Aoraki) (3,724 m)

Most spoken Language

  • Australia – English
  • New Zealand – English and Māori

In which country the life expectancy is higher, Australia or New Zealand?

Life expectancy is more in Australia as compared with New Zealand (as ranked by most organizations e.g. World Bank, United Nations, etc)

Population density

Both these countries are sparsely populated. The population density of Australia is just 3 people per square kilometer. New Zealand has only 19 people per square kilometer.

  • Population density of Australia – 3 people per square kilometer
  • Population density of New Zealand – 19 people per square kilometer

Capital city

  • Australia – Canberra
  • New Zealand – Wellington

Top 3 largest cities


  1. Sydney
  2. Melbourne
  3. Brisbane

New Zealand

  1. Auckland
  2. Christchurch
  3. Wellington

Popular sports

  • Australian rules football, cricket, Rugby league, and soccer are the most popular sports in Australia
  • Rugby Union and cricket are the two most popular sports in New Zealand.

Major rivers

AustraliaNew Zealand
Murray River, Murrumbidgee River, Darling River, Lachlan River, Warrego River, etc.Waikato River, Clutha River, Whanganui River, Taieri River, Rangitīkei River, etc.

Women’s suffrage

  • New Zealand was the first self-governing country in the world to give voting rights to women (in 1893).
  • In 1902, Australia became the second country in the world to provide voting rights to females. However, Indigenous Australian women were granted the right to vote in 1962.



The GDP of Australia is more than six times the GDP of New Zealand. This is not a surprise as Australia is much bigger and both countries are developed.

AustraliaNew Zealand
Area7.7 million sq km268,000 sq km
Population~25.5 million (2022)~5 million (2022)
National AnimalKangaroo and EmuKiwi
CurrencyAustralian DollarNew Zealand Dollar
Capital cityCanberraWellington
Largest citySydneyAuckland
Type of governmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchyUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Life expectancy at birth (2021/UN)84.582.5

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