Brazil and Argentina – country comparison | Brazil vs Argentina

Brazil and Argentina are the top 2 largest countries in South America. Together they cover 63% – 64% of the continent. The following is a comparison between these two countries. Let’s read.

Brazil vs Argentina – country comparison


Which country is larger in area, Brazil or Argentina?

Brazil is three times the size of Argentina. Brazil is the fifth-largest country in the world. Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world.

  • Area of Brazil – around 8.51 million square kilometers
  • Area of Argentina – around 2.78 million square kilometers

Which country has a larger population, Brazil or Argentina?

  • Population of Brazil – 203.1 million (2022)
  • Population of Argentina – 47.3 million (2022)

Brazil vs Argentina GDP

2023 IMFBrazilArgentina
GDP (nominal)$2.13 trillion$621.83 billion
GDP rank9th24th
GDP (PPP)$4.1 trillion$1.24 trillion

Top 3 largest cities in Brazil

  1. São Paulo
  2. Rio de Janeiro
  3. Brasília
São Paulo, Brazil
São Paulo, Brazil

Top 3 largest cities in Argentina

  1. Buenos Aires
  2. Córdoba
  3. Rosario
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Buenos Aires, Argentina

In which of these countries the life expectancy is higher?

The life expectancy is higher in Argentina (75.4) as compared with Brazil (72.8).


Population203.1 million (2022)47.3 million (2022)
Capital cityBrasíliaBuenos Aires
Largest citySão PauloBuenos Aires
Most spoken languagePortugueseSpanish
CurrencyBrazilian RealArgentine Peso
Life expectancy (UN/2021)72.875.4
Most popular sportFootball (Soccer)Football (Soccer)
Largest economic sectorService sectorService sector
GDP rank in South America1st2nd
Iguazu Falls near the Brazil-Argentina international border
Iguazu Falls near the Brazil-Argentina international border


RegionSouth AmericaSouth America
Highest mountain peakPico da Neblina (2,995 m/9,826 ft)Aconcagua (6,960.8 m/22,837 ft)
Largest islandMarajó (40,100 sq km)Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego
Major riversAmazon, Paraná, San Francisco, Araguaia, Tocantins, Paraguay, etc.Paraguay, Uruguay, Salado, Colorado, Paraná, Pilcomayo, Bermejo, etc
Areaaround 8.51 million square kilometersaround 2.78 million square kilometers
Area rank in the world5th 8th
Area rank in South America1st2nd
Aconcagua is the highest mountain in Argentina and the Americas. It is also the highest mountain outside Asia.
Aconcagua is the highest mountain in Argentina and the Americas. It is also the highest mountain outside Asia.

(Also read: USA vs Brazil | USA and Brazil – country comparison)


Popular places to visitRio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Manaus, Salvador, Brasília, Fortaleza, Florianópolis, etc.Iguazu Falls, Buenos Aires, Iberá National Park, Salta, Bariloche, Mendoza, etc.
Number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites2312
Tourism ranking in South America (2022)3rd2nd
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Scroll to Top