11 fun facts about Mongolia – geography, capital, etc

Mongolia is a large landlocked country in East Asia. Known for its steppe landscapes and rich history, Mongolia is one of the world’s most interesting countries. Here are 11 fun facts about Mongolia. Let’s read.

11 fun facts about Mongolia

Mongolia geographical overview

Mongolia has an area of 1.56 million square kilometers and a population of about 3.4 million. Mongolia has the eighteenth largest area among all countries. The terrain in Mongolia is mostly mountainous/hilly. The southern regions have a desert landscape. There are many lakes in the northwestern regions. Mongolia is bordered by Russia in the north and China in the east, west, and south.

flag of Mongolia
Flag of Mongolia
  • Mongolia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world. The population density of Mongolia is just 2 people per square kilometer.
  • The capital city of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar. Ulaanbaatar is home to about half of the total population of Mongolia. The population of Ulaanbaatar is over 1.6 million.
Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia
  • Ulaanbaatar is the coldest capital city in the world. Not even Moscow or Helsinki is as cold as Ulaanbaatar. Winter temperatures in Ulaanbaatar can drop as low as −40 °C/−40.0 °F.
  • The Gobi desert covers the southern and southeastern parts of Mongolia. The Gobi desert is the sixth largest desert in the world.
Gobi desert
  • About 30-40 percent population of Mongolia is nomadic.
  • Mongolian wrestling is the national sport in Mongolia. Other popular sports in Mongolia are football, horse racing, archery, etc.
  • Mongolia is the second largest landlocked country in the world after Kazakhstan.

(Also read: Top 10 largest landlocked countries in the world)

  • The Mongol Empire which was the largest empire in history originated in Mongolia.
  • Khüiten Peak which has an elevation of 4,356 meters/14,291 ft is the highest mountain peak in Mongolia. The peak is located in the Altai Mountains.
  • Orkhon River is the longest river in Mongolia. It has a length of 1,124 kilometers. The Orkhon River flows from central Mongolia to the Northern regions where it joins the Selenga River.
  • Parts of Mongolia and northwestern China are home to the last few hundred Wild Bactrian camels. The wild Bactrian camel is classified as critically endangered by IUCN and may soon become extinct.
Area1.56 million square kilometers
Population3.4 million
Area rank18
National flowerScabiosa comosa
Official languageMongolian
National AnimalPrzewalski’s horse
National birdSaker falcon

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