Leopard population in India | fun facts about the Indian leopard

Indian Leopard is a subspecies of leopard found in India, Nepal, Bhutan, and rarely in Pakistan and Bangladesh. How much is the population of leopards in India? Is it increasing or decreasing? Let’s find out.

The leopard population in India increased from 7,910 in 2014 to 13,874 in 2022, as per the “Status of Leopard” report of 2022. This was a sharp 75 percent increase in 8 years.

Leopard in India
Leopards can easily climb trees

Madhya Pradesh, the central Indian state has the highest population of Leopards among all states. The largest population lives in Central India and the Eastern Ghats region. The following are the top 5 states with the highest leopard population in India.

Top 5 states with the highest leopard population in India

  1. Madhya Pradesh – 3,907
  2. Maharashtra – 1,985
  3. Karnataka – 1,879
  4. Tamil Nadu – 1,070
  5. Chhattisgarh – 722

(This data is based on the Status of leopard report of 2022. Please note that the actual leopard population in India should be much more as the population was not assessed for every state.)

Leopards have always been the predominant big cats in India. Some researchers suggest India lost over 75 percent of its leopard population in the last two centuries.

The Indian leopard is the third largest among the 6 big cats of the Indian subcontinent – Tiger, Asiatic Lion, Indian Leopard, Cheetah, Snow Leopard, and Clouded Leopard. Adult male leopards may weigh up to 75 kg. Females are smaller and generally weigh less than 35 kg. Indian leopards have beautiful rosette pattern on the fur which is unique to every individual. The colour of the fur varies with region and climate.

Scientific name – Panthera pardus fusca

Leopards are very agile and can easily climb trees, walls, and fences. This is the reason they are the most encountered big cats in India. You can easily find leopard encounter videos on the internet.


Are Leopard and Cheetah the same species?


Are Leopards larger than Cheetah?

Yes, Leopards are larger than Cheetahs.

Are Leopards larger than Tigers?

No, Tigers are much larger in size.

Are there Leopards in the Himalayas?

Yes, Indian leopards are frequently seen in the lower Himalayan forests.

Also read

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top