Neem tree or Azadirachta indica is an evergreen tree native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is probably the most talked-about tree in India. It is so because of its wide range of uses. In this article, we will discuss 10 interesting facts about the Neem tree, the tree that is known as “a boon to Mankind”.
- Neem trees can rarely reach a height of 40 meters, though they are generally 15-20 meters high. The crown is rounded and provides a good shade from the Sun. From a long time, these trees are planted at homes, in temples, and in monasteries. A healthy Neem tree can reduce the ground temperature by up to 4 degrees Celsius.
- Neem trees are native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It has been introduced in Africa, South America, Australia, and the Middle East in tropical, subtropical, and semi-arid climates.
- Neem trees can tolerate high temperatures of up to 50 degrees. They are also found in places where the temperature reaches near freezing point in the winters. However, at low temperatures, the tree starts shedding its leaves.
- Neem is a part of the Mahogany family. It is an evergreen tree with flowers, fruits, and leaves that have a bunch of different uses.
- The Neem word is derived from the Sanskrit word Nimba.
- Neem oil derived from the fruits and seeds of a neem tree is used in hair and skin care. It is also an ingredient of many natural and organic insecticides.
- In farming especially in India, Insecticides made from the Neem tree have been used for centuries. They are known to not harm the soil and environment and are fairly effective.
- Neem leaves are part of many recipes in India. Consuming Neem leaves helps with the metabolic rate and also provides good nutritional value. Neem leaves are rich in Calcium and Iron and act as an antioxidant.
- Neem wood not only acts as great firewood but is also considered a strong and durable furniture wood. Though not as popular as rosewood and teak, Neem wood has its own fan base for its termite resistance.
- The use of Neem datun for tooth cleaning is a popular practice in India. The Neem datun is a twig known to fight gum diseases, bacteria, and other harmful microbes.