Solar system planets – all useful information

This article provides all the basic information about the solar system planets.

Solar system planets
Solar system planets
Position from the sunDiameter rankMass rankPlanet typeNamed afterNumber of moons
Mercury188Terrestrial Roman God of commerce0
Venus266TerrestrialRoman Goddess of love, sex, and beauty0
Earth 355TerrestrialGermanic word “Earth” which means ground1
Mars477TerrestrialRoman God of war and destruction2
Jupiter511Gas giantRoman God of sky and lightning79
Saturn622Gas giantRoman God of agriculture and wealth82
Uranus734Ice giantGreek primordial God of the sky27
Neptune843Ice giantRoman God of the seas14

Orbital information

Average distance from the SunRotation time around the axisRevolution time around the Sun
Mercury 36 million miles (58 million kilometers) or 0.4 Astronomical Units (AU)59 Earth days88 Earth days
Venus67 million miles (108 million kilometers) or 0.7 AU243 Earth days225 Earth days
Earth93 million miles (150 million kilometers) or 1 AU23.9 hours365.25 Earth days
Mars142 million miles (228 million kilometers) or 1.5 AU24.6 hours687 Earth days
Jupiter484 million miles (778 million kilometers) or 5.2 AU9.93 hours4,333 Earth days
Saturn886 million miles (1.4 billion kilometres) or 9.5 AU10.7 hours10,756 Earth days
Uranus 1.8 billion miles (2.9 billion kilometers) or 19.8 AU17.23 hours 30,687 Earth days
Neptune2.8 billion miles (4.5 billion kilometres) or 30 AU16 hours60,190 Earth days

* 1 Astronomical Unit (AU) is the distance of Earth from the Sun.

Interesting facts about Solar system planets

  • Mercury and Venus are the two planets with no natural satellites.
  • Saturn has the largest number of natural satellites, 82. Jupiter has 79.
  • Jupiter is the largest and Mercury is the smallest planet.
  • Saturn is the least dense planet. Its average density is even less than water.
  • Uranus is the third-largest planet in diameter. However, it is the fourth heaviest after Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune.
  • Mars has polar ice caps just like Earth. Mars’s ice caps are made up of water ice and dry ice.
  • Venus and Uranus are the two planets that rotate from east to west.

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