USA vs Mexico | USA and Mexico – country comparison

The article compares the top two most populous countries in North America, the United States of America (USA) and Mexico. Let’s read.

USA vs Mexico | country comparison

Flags of USA and Mexico
Flags of USA and Mexico

Which country has a larger area, USA or Mexico?

The United States is much larger in area as compared with Mexico. It is five times larger than Mexico.

  • USA area – about 9.8 million square kilometers
  • Mexico area – 1.964 million square kilometers

Which country is more populous, USA or Mexico?

USA and Mexico rank number 1 and 2 respectively in terms of population in North America.

  • USA population – over 333 million (2022) (3rd largest in the world)
  • Mexico population – over 129 million (2022) (10th largest in the world)

Highest mountain peak

  • USA – Denali/Mount McKinley (6,190 meters)
  • Mexico – Pico de Orizaba (Citlaltépetl) (5,636 meters)

Popular sports

  • American football, baseball, and basketball are the three most popular sports in the US.
  • Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Mexico. Other popular sports in Mexico are Baseball, boxing, and basketball.

Most spoken Language

  • USA – English
  • Mexico – Spanish

Capital city

  • USA – Washington, D.C. (population – around 700,000)
  • Mexico – Mexico City (Population – around 9.2 million)

Fun fact about Mexico city – Mexico city is the most populous city in North America.


  • The US has 50 states and a federal district i.e., Washington, D.C.
  • There are 32 federal entities in Mexico, 31 of which are states and 1 is the capital Mexico City.

(Also read: USA vs Canada | USA and Canada – country comparison)

Population density

  • USA – 33-35 people per square kilometer (pretty low)
  • Mexico – 66 people per square kilometer (on the lower side)


Both Mexico and the United States have a wide range of climate zones. In general, Mexico remains warmer than the United States.


The GDP of the United States is considerably higher than Mexico. In fact, the US has the largest GDP in the world.


Flag of the US
Flag of the US
Flag of Mexico
Flag of Mexico


Large mammals

  • USA – Brown bear, black bear, Cougar, Bighorn sheep, Gray Wolf, Moose, Elk, American Bison, etc.
  • Mexico – Cougar, Jaguar, Baird’s tapir, Spider monkey, etc.


  • USA – Bald Eagle, Golden Eagle, American Robin, Northern Cardinal, Mourning Dove, etc.
  • Mexico – West Mexican chachalaca, Golden Eagle, Green parakeet, Mexican Woodnymph, etc.


  • USA – American Alligator, American crocodile, Western diamondback rattlesnake, Gila monster lizard, Eastern diamondback rattlesnake, etc.
  • Mexico – Western diamondback rattlesnake, Gila monster lizard, Mexican beaded lizard, Morelet’s crocodile, etc.

USA vs Mexico

Areaabout 9.8 million square kilometers1.964 million square kilometers
Populationover 333 million (2022)over 129 million (2022)
Most spoken languageAmerican EnglishSpanish
Capital cityWashington, D.C.Mexico City
Largest cityNew York CityMexico City
CurrencyUnited States dollarMexican Peso
Highest mountainDenali/Mount McKinleyPico de Orizaba
Most popular sportAmerican FootballFootball (association football)
Busiest AirportHartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International AirportMexico City International Airport
Type of governmentFederal presidential constitutional republicFederal presidential republic
Life expectancy at birth (2021/UN)77.270.2

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