Uttar Pradesh and Bihar – Indian states comparison | UP vs Bihar

Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are two densely populated states in India. The following is a comparison between these two states. Let’s read.

Uttar Pradesh vs Bihar – Indian states comparison

Uttar Pradesh and Bihar on the map of India
Uttar Pradesh and Bihar on the map of India

Which state is larger in area, Uttar Pradesh or Bihar?

Uttar Pradesh is much larger in area as compared with Bihar. It is nearly 2.6 times larger than Bihar.

  • Area of Uttar Pradesh – around 243,290 square kilometers
  • Area of Bihar – around 94,150 square kilometers

Which state has a larger population, Uttar Pradesh or Bihar?

Uttar Pradesh is the state with the largest population in India. Bihar ranks number 3 in terms of population.

  • Population of Uttar Pradesh – around 20 Crores (2011 census)
  • Population of Bihar – 10.41 Crores (2011 census)

Popular places to visit in Uttar Pradesh

Taj Mahal in Agra
Taj Mahal in Agra

Vrindavan, Varanasi, Taj Mahal, Prayagraj, Lucknow, Sarnath, Ayodhya, Fatehpur Sikri, Dudhwa National Park, etc.

  • Tourism ranking (domestic) (2023) – 1st
  • Tourism ranking (international) (2023) – 5th

Popular places to visit in Bihar

Ghora Katora lake, Rajgir district, Bihar
Ghora Katora lake, Rajgir district, Bihar

Bodh Gaya, Patna, Rajgir, Gaya, Nalanda, Vaishali, Munger, Valmiki National Park, Ghora Katora lake, etc.

(Also read: UNESCO World Heritage sites in India (Full list 2023))

Overview

Uttar PradeshBihar
Areaaround 243,290 square kilometersaround 94,150 square kilometers
Area rank4th12th
Population (2011 census)around 20 Crores10.41 Crores
Population rank (2011 census)1st3rd
Capital CityLucknowPatna
Largest CityLucknowPatna
Statehood24 January 195026 January 1950
Most spoken languageHindiHindi and Bhojpuri

Geography

Uttar PradeshBihar
RegionNorthern IndiaEastern India
RiversGanga, Yamuna, Sharda, Ghaghara, Gomti, Chambal, Betwa, etc.Ganga, Sone, Gandak, Koshi, Ghaghara, Punpun, Burhi Gandak, Bagmati, etc.
Longest riverGangaGanga
Highest mountain peak‚ÄčAmsot PeakSomeshwar
Forest cover (2021)6.15 %7.84 %
Major soil typeAlluvial soilAlluvial soil
Largest districtLakhimpur-KheriWest Champaran
International borderYes with NepalYes with Nepal
CoastlineNoNo

(Also read: 10 major mountain ranges in India | subranges | destinations)

State symbols

Uttar PradeshBihar
State animalBarasinghaGaur
State birdSarus craneHouse Sparrow
State flowerPalashMarigold
State treeAshokaPeepal