Countries in South America – all useful information

South America is the fourth largest and the fifth most populous continent in the world. Here is a list of all the countries in South America. Let’s read.

Countries in South America

1Argentinaaround 2.78 million square kilometersBuenos Aires
2Boliviaaround 1.1 million square kilometersLa Paz and Sucre (two capitals)
3Brazilaround 8.5 million square kilometersBrasília
4Chilearound 756,950 square kilometersSantiago
5Colombiaaround 1.14 million square kilometersBogotá
6Ecuadoraround 283,560 square kilometersQuito
7Guyanaaround 214,970 square kilometersGeorgetown
8Panamaaround 75,520 square kilometersPanama City
9Paraguayaround 406,750 square kilometersAsunción
10Peruaround 1.285 million square kilometersLima
11Surinamearound 163,820 square kilometersParamaribo
12Trinidad and Tobago5,128 square kilometers Port of Spain
13Uruguayaround 176,215 square kilometersMontevideo
14Venezuelaaround 916,445  square kilometersCaracas

-External/overseas territories are not listed

North America and South America countries
North America and South America

Frequently Asked Questions

Which is the largest country in South America?

Brazil is the largest country in South America. The country has an area of approximately 8.5 million square kilometers. Moreover, it is the fifth largest country in the world.

Which is the most populous country in South America?

Brazil is by far the most populous country in South America.

Which is the most spoken language in South America?

Spanish is the most spoken language in South America followed by Portuguese.

Which is the largest city in South America?

São Paulo, Brazil

Is Panama a South American country?

Panama is a transcontinental country lying both in North and South America.

Is Trinidad and Tobago in South America?

Trinidad and Tobago is closer to South America. However, the country is considered by most to be a part of North America. Only a few maps show Trinidad and Tobago as part of South America.

What are the countries in which the Amazon rainforest is located?

Amazon rainforest is present in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana (an overseas region of France), Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.

What is the highest point in South America?

Mount Aconcagua (6,960.8 meters/22,837 ft)
(Also read: Highest mountains in the world – the eight-thousanders)

How far is South America from Antarctica?

Mainland Antarctica is approximately 600 miles from the tip of South America.

The Equator passes through which South American countries?

Ecuador, Colombia, and Brazil

Tropic of Cancer passes through which South American countries?

Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay

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