South America is the fourth largest and the fifth most populous continent in the world. Here is a list of all the countries in South America. Let’s read.
Countries in South America
|1||Argentina||around 2.78 million square kilometers||Buenos Aires|
|2||Bolivia||around 1.1 million square kilometers||La Paz and Sucre (two capitals)|
|3||Brazil||around 8.5 million square kilometers||Brasília|
|4||Chile||around 756,950 square kilometers||Santiago|
|5||Colombia||around 1.14 million square kilometers||Bogotá|
|6||Ecuador||around 283,560 square kilometers||Quito|
|7||Guyana||around 214,970 square kilometers||Georgetown|
|8||Panama||around 75,520 square kilometers||Panama City|
|9||Paraguay||around 406,750 square kilometers||Asunción|
|10||Peru||around 1.285 million square kilometers||Lima|
|11||Suriname||around 163,820 square kilometers||Paramaribo|
|12||Trinidad and Tobago||5,128 square kilometers||Port of Spain|
|13||Uruguay||around 176,215 square kilometers||Montevideo|
|14||Venezuela||around 916,445 square kilometers||Caracas|
-External/overseas territories are not listed
Frequently Asked Questions
Brazil is the largest country in South America. The country has an area of approximately 8.5 million square kilometers. Moreover, it is the fifth largest country in the world.
Brazil is by far the most populous country in South America.
Spanish is the most spoken language in South America followed by Portuguese.
São Paulo, Brazil
Panama is a transcontinental country lying both in North and South America.
Trinidad and Tobago is closer to South America. However, the country is considered by most to be a part of North America. Only a few maps show Trinidad and Tobago as part of South America.
Amazon rainforest is present in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana (an overseas region of France), Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Mount Aconcagua (6,960.8 meters/22,837 ft)
(Also read: Highest mountains in the world – the eight-thousanders)
Mainland Antarctica is approximately 600 miles from the tip of South America.
Ecuador, Colombia, and Brazil
Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay