India vs Canada | India and Canada – country comparison

This article compares India and Canada, the seventh largest country and the second largest country respectively. Let’s read.

India vs Canada – country comparison

Flags of India and Canada
Flags of India and Canada
Areaaround 3.3 million square kilometersaround 10 million square kilometers
Area rank7th2nd
Populationaround 1.43 billion (2023 estimate)around 37 million (2021 census)
Capital cityNew DelhiOttawa
Largest cityMumbaiToronto
CurrencyIndian RupeeCanadian dollar
Life expectancy at birth (2021/UN)67.282.7
National AnimalTigerBeaver and the Canadian Horse
National TreeIndian Banyan treeThe maple tree
Famous wildlifeTiger, Asiatic Lion, Indian elephant, Indian Rhino, Gharial, Mugger crocodile, Sloth bear, Asiatic black bear, etc.Moose, Polar bears, Grizzly bears, American bison, beaver, etc.
Most popular sportCricketIce Hockey
Most spoken languageHindiEnglish
Busiest airportIndira Gandhi International Airport, New DelhiToronto Pearson International Airport
Type of governmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republicFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Keep reading below

Which country is larger in area, India or Canada?

Canada is more than three times the size of India.

  • Area of India – around 3.3 million square kilometers
  • Area of Canada – around 10 million square kilometers


Which country has a larger population, India or Canada?

India is the most populous nation in the world. Canada, on the other hand, is sparsely populated.

  • Population of India – around 1.43 billion (2023 estimate)
  • Population of Canada – around 37 million (2021 census)


  • India is generally a warm country but there are numerous climate zones in India ranging from tundra to tropical.
  • Canada is largely a cold country.

Capital city

  • India – New Delhi
  • Canada – Ottawa

Largest lake

  • India – Vembanad lake
  • Canada – Lake Superior (shared), Great Bear Lake (entirely within Canada)

In which country the population density is higher, India or Canada?

  • India – 430-440 people per square kilometer (2023) (very high)
  • Canada – 4 people per square kilometer (2021) (very low)

In which country the life expectancy is higher, India or Canada?

Life expectancy is much higher in Canada, as ranked by most organizations e.g. United Nations, world bank, etc.

Popular sports

  • Cricket, badminton, Kabaddi, football, and hockey are the most popular sports in India.
  • Ice hockey and Lacrosse are the most popular sports in Canada.

Largest island

  • India – North Andaman (1,408 sq km)
  • Canada – Baffin island (507,450 sq km)

Major languages

  • India – Hindi, English, Bengali, Telugu, Tamil, etc.
  • Canada – English and French

(Also read: India and USA – country comparison | India vs USA)

Highest mountain range

  • India – Himalayas
  • Canada – Saint Elias Mountains
Mount Kanchenjunga (8,586 meters) in Sikkim, India

Major Rivers

  • India – Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Mahanadi, etc.
  • Canada – Mackenzie, Yukon, Saint Lawrence, Nelson, Slave, etc.

Top 5 largest cities

  • Top 5 largest cities in India – read here
  • Top 5 largest cities in Canada
  1. Toronto
  2. Montreal
  3. Calgary
  4. Ottawa
  5. Edmonton

Highest mountain peak

  • India – read here
  • Canada – Mount Logan (5,959 meters)

Major international airports


  • Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai
  • Chennai International Airport, Chennai
  • Kempegowda International Airport, Bangalore
  • Cochin International Airport, Kochi


  • Toronto Pearson International Airport
  • Vancouver International Airport
  • Calgary International Airport
  • Montréal–Trudeau International Airport
  • Edmonton International Airport


Flag of India
Flag of Canada

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