Top 5 longest snakes in India

A large area of India has warm climatic conditions. These conditions are favorable to snakes and as a result over 250 snake species are found in India. Most snake species in India are non-venomous, but those that are venomous are some of the most dangerous snake species in the world. India also has some of the longest snakes in the world. This article discusses the top 5 longest snakes in India.

Top 5 longest snakes in India

Burmese python

An image of Burmese Python, the longest snake in India

Burmese python or Python bivittatus is a python species found in India mainly in the eastern and northeastern regions. Pythons are non-venomous snakes that kill their prey by constriction. The Burmese python is typically 13-16 ft long but can reach a length of above 18 ft, sometimes even above 20 ft.

An excellent swimmer, the Burmese python is generally found near marshes, swamps, and grasslands, and occasionally on trees. These snakes are not only long but heavy as well, particularly females who may weigh more than 50 kilograms.

King Cobra

An image of a King Cobra, the largest venomous snake in India and the world
King Cobra

King Cobra or Ophiophagus hannah is the longest venomous snake in the world. These snakes are generally 10-15 ft long. Equipped with a neurotoxin venom, King Cobras inject a large amount of venom (over 400 mg) when they bite. Some experts believe that this extraordinary amount of venom can kill 20 people, even an elephant.

Indian rock python

An image of the Indian Python, one of the largest snakes in India
Indian Python by Karunakar Rayker under CC BY 2.0

Another python species on this list, the Indian rock python sometimes called just “India python”, is the third-longest snake species in India. These snakes easily reach a length of above 10 ft. Indian rock python is generally lighter colored than the Burmese Python.

Many times Russel’s viper, a highly venomous snake is mistaken for a small Indian Python. It is advised to always call for a rescue if you spot a yellowish or brownish snake with a blotched pattern.

Indian rat snake

Indian rat snake

Indian rat snake as the name suggests is a rat-eating snake. Typically 5-6 ft long, these snakes are non-venomous. Indian rat snakes are found throughout India. Human encounters occur mainly in crop fields.

Banded krait

An image of Banded Krait, one of the longest venomous snakes in India
Bungarus fasciatus, Banded krait – Prachantakham District by Rushen under CC BY-SA 2.0

Banded Krait is a venomous snake found mainly in the central and eastern regions of India. With a triangular cross-section, and alternate yellow and black bands, the snake can be easily identified. Banded kraits are also typically 5-6 ft long.

Other big snakes in India

Spectacled cobra

The hood of a Spectacled Cobra/Indian Cobra
The spectacled Cobra

Probably the most found venomous snake in India, the spectacled cobra/Indian Cobra is generally 4-5 ft long. Old cobras easily grow beyond the typical length. As it is frequently encountered in India, antivenom for cobra bites is easily available.

Common Krait

The common Krait is considered the most dangerous snake in India. The snake if bites, injects a highly dangerous neurotoxin that can kill a person in a matter of hours. These snakes are generally 3-5 ft long.

Russel’s viper

Russel’s viper snakes are generally seen in Central and Southern India, rarely in Northern India. 3-4 ft in length, these snakes have one of the most dangerous venoms in the entire world.

The longest snake species in the world, the Reticulated Python is found in India but is extremely rare, hence not included in the article.

It should be noted that many factors affect an individual snake’s size. This article is based on typical lengths.

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