Uttar Pradesh facts – The mini India within India

Uttar Pradesh is a state in Northern India with Lucknow as its capital city. The state is “always in news” mainly because it is a political battlefield. Here are some interesting facts about Uttar Pradesh. Let’s read.

A picture of Taj Mahal in Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Image by joakant from Pixabay

Interesting facts about Uttar Pradesh

  • UP is the most populous state of India. Moreover, it is the most populous country subdivision in the entire world. It is also the fourth largest state in terms of area.
  • UP shares borders with 8 Indian states (Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand), union territory of Delhi, and the country of Nepal.
  • Uttar Pradesh has the second highest GDP among all the states in India (Feb 2021 data).
  • UP ranks first in domestic tourist arrivals and fifth in foreign tourist arrivals (according to a 2023 report by ministry of tourism). The wonder of the world, the “Taj Mahal”, the “Agra Fort”, and the “Fatehpur Sikri” are the three UNESCO world heritage sites in UP. Other famous tourist destinations include Varanasi, Vrindavan, Ayodhya, Sarnath and Prayagraj where Kumbh Mela is held.
  • UP was formed as the “United Provinces of Oudh and Agra” in 1902. It was renamed to “United Provinces of British India” in 1921, again renamed to “United Provinces” in 1937 and finally renamed “Uttar Pradesh” in 1950.
  • Uttarakhand separated from UP on 9 November 2000.
  • There are 75 districts in UP making it an important state politically. 31 Rajya Sabha and 80 Lok Sabha seats are from Uttar Pradesh.
  • There are 18 administrative divisions in Uttar Pradesh.
  1. Agra division
  2. Aligarh division
  3. Ayodhya division
  4. Azamgarh division
  5. Bareilly division
  6. Basti division
  7. Chitrakoot division
  8. Devipatan division
  9. Gorakhpur division
  10. Jhansi division
  11. Kanpur division
  12. Lucknow division
  13. Meerut division
  14. Mirzapur division
  15. Moradabad division
  16. Prayagraj division
  17. Saharanpur division
  18. Varanasi division
  • UP has the second-highest cumulative National Highway length (12.270 kilometers as of 31/12/2022) among all states in India (Maharashtra has the highest, 18,459 km).
  • The President’s rule has been imposed in Uttar Pradesh a whopping 9 times.

Quick question

Which is the largest North-eastern state in terms of area?

  • Dudhwa National Park, the only National Park in UP is home to some enthralling animal species including the Royal Bengal Tiger, the great Indian one horned rhinoceros and the Barasingha. More than half of the world’s Barasinghas are found in Dudhwa National Park.
  • Hindi and Urdu are the two official languages in Uttar Pradesh. There are 7 different dialects of Hindi spoken in UP.
  • UP can literally be called as the “land of avatars” as it has been the birthplace or workplace of many avatars of Lord Vishnu. Lord Rama was born in Ayodhya, Lord Krishna was born in Vrindavan, Buddha gave his first sermon in Sarnath.
Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

(Also read: 11 amazing facts about the geography of India)

Basic facts about Uttar Pradesh

Area240,928 sq km
Area rank4
Population rank1
State animalSwamp deer
State birdSarus Crane
Literacy67.68% (as per the 2011 census)
State treeAshoka
Official languagesHindi and Urdu
Number of districts75
Lok Sabha seats80
Rajya Sabha seats31
Sex ratio912 females per 1000 males (as per the 2011 census)

This is the end of the article.

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Answer to quick question

Arunachal Pradesh is the largest state in northeast India in terms of area.

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