California vs New York State – US states comparison

The following is a comparison between California and New York, two populous US states. Let’s read.

California vs New York State – US states comparison

California and New York State on the US map
California and New York State on the US map

Which state has a larger population, California or New York?

The population in California is larger as compared with New York State. Moreover, California has the highest population among all states in the US.

  • Population of California – 39 million (2022 estimate)
  • Population of New York State – 19.7 million (2022 estimate)

Which state is larger in area, California or New York?

California ranks among the largest US states. New York State is not very large in area. California is 3 times larger than New York State.

  • Area of California – around 163,700 square miles (423,970 sq km)
  • Area of New York – around 54,555 square miles (141,300 sq km)



CaliforniaNew York State
Areaaround 163,700 square miles (423,970 sq km)around 54,555 square miles (141,300 sq km)
Area rank3rd27th
Population39 million (2022 estimate)19.7 million (2022 estimate)
Population rank in the US1st4th
Capital CitySacramentoAlbany
Largest CityLos AngelesNew York City
NicknameThe Golden StateThe Empire State
Became a state of the US9 September, 185026 July, 1788

Geographical features

CaliforniaNew York State
RegionWestern United StatesNortheastern United States
Highest natural pointMount Whitney (14,505 ft/4,421 m)Mount Marcy (5,343 ft/1,629 m)
Largest lakeSalton SeaOneida Lake
International borderYes with MexicoYes with Canada
Coastlineon Pacific Oceanon Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, and Atlantic Ocean
BordersOregon in the north; Nevada and Arizona in the east; and Mexico in the southCanada in the north; Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont in the east; Pennsylvania and New Jersey in the south; and Pennsylvania and Canada in the west
Longest riverSacramento RiverHudson River



CaliforniaNew York State
Places to visitLos Angeles, San Francisco, Disneyland Resort Anaheim, Malibu, Yosemite National Park, San Diego, etc.New York City, Niagara Falls, Adirondack Mountains, Catskill Mountains, Fire Island, Rochester, etc
Number of National Parks90
Number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites3 (Yosemite National Park, Redwood National and State Parks, and Hollyhock house) 2 (Statue of Liberty and Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum)

(Also read: USA and Russia – country comparison | USA vs Russia)

Is New York City the capital of New York State?

No, Albany is the capital of New York State. New York City is the state’s largest city. Albany is located 150 miles north of New York City.

Is Niagara Falls located in New York State?

Niagara Falls is located on the border between New York state of the US and Ontario province of Canada. The waterfall forms on the Niagara river that flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.

Is the GDP of California larger than New York?


California state symbols

AnimalCalifornia grizzly bear
BirdCalifornia valley quail
FlowerCalifornia poppy
TreeCoastal redwood & giant sequoia
ReptileDesert tortoise
Freshwater fishCalifornia golden trout
Marine fishGaribaldi
GrassPurple needlegrass
AmphibianCalifornia red-legged frog
InsectCalifornia dogface butterfly
Marine mammalGray whale
Marine reptileLeatherback sea turtle
FossilSaber-toothed tiger

New York state symbols

BirdEastern bluebird
TreeSugar maple
ReptileSnapping turtle
Freshwater fishBrook Trout
Saltwater fishStriped Bass
InsectNine-spotted ladybug
FossilSea scorpion
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