Madhya Pradesh facts – The heart of India

Madhya Pradesh is a state in Central India. Madhya Pradesh literally translates to “Central State”. Like every Indian state, MP is unique in its own way. At the same time, it possesses great diversity. Let’s learn some interesting facts about Madhya Pradesh, “the Heart of India”.

Madhya Pradesh facts


Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state in terms of area and fifth-largest in terms of population. It is bordered by 5 other states– Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat.

Geography of Madhya Pradesh

The topography of Madhya Pradesh is quite diverse. The mountain ranges of Vindhyachal and Satpura run parallelly across the state and are the source of many important rivers. The highest point in Madhya Pradesh is Dhupgarh which is 1,352 meters above sea level. The sacred Narmada river originates in Madhya Pradesh at Amarkantak. Moreover, many other important rivers such as Tapti (Tapi), Betwa, Sone, etc. also have their origins in Madhya Pradesh.

Narmada river
Narmada river

Tourism in Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is a great travel destination offering at least something to every kind of traveler. There are beautiful temples, amazing mountains, National parks. In fact, MP offers best the tiger sightings in India. The Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Buddhist monuments at Sanchi, and the Rock shelters of Bhimbetka are the three UNESCO world heritage sites in MP.

The Bhimbetka Rock Shelters near Bhopal are the oldest found rock shelters in India. The oldest paintings in these rock shelters date back to the Mesolithic and Paleolithic Periods.

Orchha is a town in the Niwari district founded in the 16th century by Rudra Pratap Singh. Situated along the banks of the Betwa river, the town has many historic sites. Some famous ones are Shri Ram Raja Mandir, Chaturbhuj temple, and the Orchha Fort complex.

Orchha in Madhya Pradesh
Orchha Fort complex

Panchmarhi located in the Hoshangabad district is one of the most famous hill stations in Madhya Pradesh. Famous as the “Queen of Satpura”, Panchmarhi is most visited during the monsoon season when all the waterfalls are in full flow.

Forests and National Parks

Madhya Pradesh has the most forest cover area among all the states in India. The total forest cover area in MP is 77,482 sq km. Madhya Pradesh also has the most number of National Parks. There are 10 National Parks in MP.

  1. Bandhavgarh National Park- 448.85 sq km
  2. Dinosaur Fossils National Park- 0.8974 sq km
  3. Fossil National Park- 0.27 sq km
  4. Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park- 292.85 sq km
  5. Kanha National Park- 940 sq km
  6. Madhav National Park- 375.22 sq km
  7. Panna National Park- 542.67 sq km
  8. Sanjay National Park- 466.88 sq km
  9. Satpura National Park- 585.17 sq km
  10. Van Vihar National Park- 4.45 sq km

Bandhavgarh National Park is known for having the highest Tiger density among all National Parks in India.


There are 52 districts in Madhya Pradesh divided into 10 divisions.

  1. Bhopal division
  2. Chambal division
  3. Gwalior division
  4. Indore division
  5. Jabalpur division
  6. Narmadapuram division
  7. Rewa division
  8. Sagar division
  9. Shahdol division
  10. Ujjain division

Chhindwara district is the largest district in terms of the area while Indore is the most populous district.

Also read: Districts in MP (Madhya Pradesh) | full list | interesting facts

Some useful information

  • Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 2001.
  • Indore in Madhya Pradesh is the cleanest city in India. Moreover, it has been the cleanest city for five years straight (2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021).
  • The jungles of Madhya Pradesh were the inspiration for Rudyard Kipling to write the masterpiece novel, “The Jungle Book“.
  • The unfortunate Bhopal gas tragedy is considered to be the world’s worst industrial disaster affecting over 5,00,000 people.

Madhya Pradesh facts table

Area3,08,252 sq km
Area rank2
Population7,25,97,565 (as per 2011 census)
Population rank5
State animal Barasingha
State birdIndian paradise flycatcher
State treeBanyan
Official language Hindi
Literacy70.6% (as per 2011 census)
Number of districts51
Lok Sabha seats29
Rajya Sabha seats11
Sex Ratio930 females per 1000 males (as per 2011 census)

Disclaimer: The stats may change with time.

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