Uttarakhand vs Himachal Pradesh – Indian states comparison

Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh are two states in the northern Indian Himalayas. The following is a comparison between these two states. Let’s read.

Uttarakhand vs Himachal Pradesh

Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the map of India
Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the map of India

Which state is larger in area, Uttarakhand or Himachal Pradesh?

Himachal Pradesh is just a tad larger than Uttarakhand.

  • Area of Uttarakhand – around 53,500 sq km
  • Area of Himachal Pradesh – around 55,670 sq km

Which state is more populous, Uttarakhand or Himachal Pradesh?

The population of Uttarakhand is larger as compared with Himachal Pradesh as per the last census. This is understandable as Uttarakhand has more plain area in which big cities like Haridwar, Haldwani, and Roorkee thrive.

  • Population of Uttarakhand – around 1 crore (2011 census)
  • Population of Himachal Pradesh – around 69 lakh (2011 census)


Both Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh are popular travel destinations as they are located in the Himalayas. Both these states have important religious and spiritual sites, popular trekking routes, and some of India’s best National Parks. Uttarakhand is visited more by spiritual travelers. Himachal Pradesh on the other hand, is popular for leisure and adventure.


UttarakhandHimachal Pradesh
Areaaround 53,500 sq kmaround 55,670 sq km
Area rank19th18th
Population (2011 census)around 1 crorearound 69 lakh
Population rank (2011 census)21st22nd
Capital CityBhararisain (summer) and Dehradun (winter)Shimla (summer) and Dharamshala (winter)
Largest CityDehradunShimla
Statehood9 November 200025 January 1971
Most spoken langaugeHindiHindi


UttarakhandHimachal Pradesh
RegionIndian HimalayasIndian Himalayas
Major RiversGanga, Yamuna, Bhagirathi, Alaknanda, Mandakini, Sarju, Kali, Ramganga, etc.Beas, Sutlej, Chenab, Ravi, Parbati, Spiti, etc.
BordersTibet in the north, Uttar Pradesh in the south, Himachal Pradesh in the west, and Nepal in the east.Ladakh in the north and northeast, Jammu and Kashmir in the northwest, Tibet in the east, Uttarakhand in the southeast, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana in the South, and Punjab in the west and southwest.
Highest mountain peakNanda Devi (7,816 m)Reo Purgyil (6,816 m)
Forest cover (2021)45.44 %27.73 %
Major soil typeMountain soilMountain soil
Largest districtChamoli Lahaul and Spiti
International borderYesYes

State symbols

UttarakhandHimachal Pradesh
State birdHimalayan MonalWestern Tragopan
State animalAlpine musk deerSnow leopard
State treeRhododendron arboreum (Burans)Deodar cedar
State flowerBrahma KamalRhododendron campanulatum (Pink Rhododendron)

(Also read: 10 major mountain ranges in India | subranges | destinations)

Popular places to visit in Uttarakhand

Nainital, Uttarakhand

Haridwar, Rishikesh, Jim Corbett National Park, Nainital, Mussoorie, Kedarnath, Badrinath, Mana village, Dehradun, etc.

Popular places to visit in Himachal Pradesh

Hatu Mata Temple in Narkanda
Hatu Mata Temple in Narkanda

Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Kasol, Kufri, Dalhousie, Spiti Valley, Kaza, Tirthan Valley, etc.

6 National Parks of Uttarakhand

  1. Jim Corbett National Park
  2. Gangotri National Park
  3. Govind National Park
  4. Nanda Devi National Park
  5. Rajaji National Park
  6. Valley of Flowers National Park

5 National Parks of Himachal Pradesh

  1. Great Himalayan National Park
  2. Inderkilla National Park
  3. Khirganga National Park
  4. Pin Valley National Park
  5. Simbalbara National Park

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